“Biennials and Art Practices of the Caribbean” brought a wide array of experiences, projects and concerns into focus.  The event was hosted by Caribbean InTransit in partnership with the Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage (CFCH) on June 28th 2012 at the CFCH as a fringe event to the Folklife festival. It was also in celebration of Caribbean-American Heritage month and listed in the calendar of the Allspice Festival of Arts & Humanities. The event included presentations via videoconference and invited respondents to submit three questions to moderators for advance consideration facilitating a wider cross-section of voices and issues from across the Caribbean to be heard. The richness of the presentations and questions by audience members present in person left little room to engage all of these questions, however they remain as effective structural points around which the conversation can be furthered via social media.



The four panels were designed in an effort to bring policy makers, artists, academics, activists, curators and administrators together from across the Caribbean and its Diasporas. Forging collaborations and synergies would begin to establish a web as a framework for imagining a calendar of joint or collaborative events leading up to a trans-national affair.

Jose Ortiz, Executive Director of Artisphere, an arts center funded by Arlington County which boasts multiple gallery and theatre spaces, was the key note speaker who opened the event with his presentation entitled “Art Every Day: Building Community Through Artistic Collaborations”.  He highlighted the Artisphere project “Art Every Day”, an interactive public art initiative imagined by artist Linda Hesh. The project was about art in everyday life and invited members of the public to share their impressions of art within the everyday routines of life.


Moderator of the first panel was esteemed Director of Cultural Heritage Policy, James Early who encouraged the audience to think on what actions open us to cultural policy perspectives and how our practices can help to shape cultural policy. He proposed Norman Girvan’s recent work Pan- Caribbean Perspective: colonialism, Resistance and REconfiguration as an effective tool in helping us to reflect on these questions.


Ambassador of Trinidad & Tobago to the USA, Dr. Neil Parsan noted that with 35 million persons in the Anglophone Caribbean and 17 million in the Dutch, Francophone and Hispanophone  Caribbean, our nations are often disadvantaged based on population numbers. Dr. Parsan noted the Carnivals derivative of Caribbean Carnivals worldwide including , Caribana, Labor Day celebrations, Notting Hill, Calibar Carnival, Nigeria, Baltimore,  Washington DC, Miami, Houston and L.A and engaged the audience in understanding   these ceded Carnivals as reciprocal forms of tourism.  He also noted how education fits within this rubric.


  Ivor Miller, cultural historian and  Senior Fellow at the Smithsonian National Museum of African Art  presented on Cuban art. He discussed various interpretations of Cuban artist Alfredo Lam’s work by communities as compared to its academic interpretations. Miller argued that the paintings signal an invitation to join the community in order to understand the true significance of the imagery within the paintings. Diana N’Diaye, curator at the Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage was the final presenter for the first panel. Dr. N’Diaye presented concerns of the Smithsonian Folklife Festival with a presentation entitled “Reuniting the Family: Learning from the African Diaspora Presentations at the Smithsonian”. She emphasized that the festival’s focus on people rather than objects allows curators, festival staff and scholars or other experts to work reciprocally with cultural practitioners form communities around the world. The festival aims to provide a space for intercultural dialogue. The Will to Adorn Project is the festival project for 2013, it is a “multi-year collaborative research and public presentation initiative focused on the diversity of African American identities as communicated through the cultural aesthetics, arts of the body and dress and adornment”. The theme for the project was inspired by anthropologist Zora Neale Hurston’s observation that the “will to adorn” is a central feature of African-American culture.


James Early re-iterated this process of engagement as one that allows culture to inform cultural policy from below obviating a top down approach that is at odds with community practices.  In concluding the panel, Early outlined the structure and mandate of the Smithsonian. With nineteen museums and nine institutions and as the largest body of museums in the US, the Smithsonian is a public trust, stewards of the treasures of culture entrusted to them.


“Thematic Inquiries, Art and Programming Techniques” was the second panel that included, Tatiana Flores,  Independent Curator and Assistant Professor  in the Department of Art History and Latino and Hispanic Caribbean Studies at Rutgers University,Tom Ashcraft, Visual Artist, Associate Professor, Head of Sculpture, School of Art, GMU and Jorge Porrata, lecturer at the School of Art, GMU. The panel was moderated by Peter Winant, Associate Director, School of Art, GMU. Winant invited the panelists and audience to consider issues surrounding the notion of intervention. Flores presented a scholarly investigation of artisitic practices and themes while Ashcraft took the audience through the process of Working Man Collective’s engagement with communities. The triad was completed by Porrata’s artistic intervention into the symposium as an artistic practice by engaging audiences in a work of performance art.


Panel 3 “ Power, Politics and Ideologies” was moderated by artist and curator M. Liz Andrews, who greeted the audience with the singing of a negro spiritual “ Sometimes I Feel Like a Motherless Child”.  Her message was of the profound moment of intervention that these spirituals provide in harnessing the power of a people. Andrews posed a significant question that served as an underlying provocation for panelists presentations. –“ how can art be used to address structures of power within and from outside the Caribbean?”. Leah Gordon presented concerning the Haiti Ghetto Biennial as aSalon de Refuse for the 21st century.  The event was motivated by the fact that often Haitian artists were  allowed to and even invited to participate in exhibitions abroad but were denied visas to travel for the opening of these shows. The idea of salon de refuse signifies a refusal of the naïve label while registering a refusal of conventional art knowledge.   Arthur Garcia brought together critical issues of design and crisis as central concerns. His innovative and dynamic business model integrates the client into the process of design while taking a holistic approach to the project


“What is the space of ‘transnational Caribbeans’?  was the provocative question raised by artist and Fellow and the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Lara Stein Pardo  moderator of the final panel.  Curator and General Manager of Art Labour Archives, Alanna Lockward presented concerning the notion of a “de-colonial aesthetic”. A group of artists and thinkers signed the De-colonial Aesthetics Manifesto on February 14th 2011 at an occasion furnished by the Transnational Decolonial Institute. Her presentation framed the exhibition Who More Sci Fi than US as a parallel initiative to the manifesto while illustrating the ‘non-Newness” of this aesthetic.   Panelist Tatiana Flores questioned the use of the term aesthetic in its reference to non-western artistic practice but the issue remained, how does one contest legacies without deploying the terms of a legacy. Christopher Cozier, artist and curator Marielle Barrow, Editor-in-Chief of  Caribbean InTransit and Marcel Wah, Edito-in –chief of CAW magazine were the final presenters of the symposium. Barrow’s presentation entitled “ Caribbean Arts: Trans-national Development Practices” asked “ how through trans-national Caribbean practice do we ensure our contribution to an evolving Caribbean cultural policy and enable sustainable development of communities through the arts?”  Marcel Wah spoke of the move to a cultural economy and elaborated on the current strengths and weaknesses of the Caribbean arts industry. Christopher Cozier presented via video conference concerning the dual structures that Caribbean artists are forced to negotiate.


It is proposed that the event proceedings be collated as a text. The symposium provided a platform for persons invested in the Caribbean arts to present their approaches and concerns and discuss modes of synergy and collaboration.

June 28th 2012, 11:30am- 7:00pm Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
600 Maryland Ave. SW, Suite #2001, Washington DC 20024


Caribbean InTransit is committed to the development of socially responsible, environmentally conscious art practices for the Caribbean. We seek to create opportunities for partnership, dialogue, strategic and tactical planning toward sustainable avenues for Caribbean Arts practice. Recognizing the glocal nature of the Caribbean situation, Caribbean InTransit uses Keith Nurse’s notion of brain circulation as a premise for approaching Caribbean development through the arts. In furthering this notion Caribbean InTransit not only brings together persons from across the Caribbean and Diaspora but seeks to cross linguistic barriers as well as social and occupational divides functioning as a mediator or intermediary in bringing artists, policy makers, scholars, arts activists, arts administrators and curators together from across the Caribbean and its Diasporas.


Welcome, Introductions 11:30-11:45am

Opening Speaker: Mr. Jose Ortiz, Executive Director, Artisphere 11:45 am- 12:00pm


Moderator: Mr. James Early, Director of Cultural Heritage Policy, Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage

Panelists: Diana N’Diaye, Curator, Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage; Neil Parsan, Trinidadian Ambassador to the US, Ivor Miller, Cultural Historian, Senior Fellow, National Museum of African Art at the Smithsonian Institution (2011-2012)

  • How is affect produced and disseminated?
  • What are some of the best practices and some new ideas for gaining community involvement?
  • How do we transmitting know-how to local populations?
  • How do we use art to encourage environmentally conscious practices and to engage communities in eco-cultural responsibility and citizenship?
  • What are the implications of Caribbean arts practice for sustainable programming, cultural heritage policy and cultural diplomacy?


Moderator: Peter Winant, Associate Director, School of Art, GMU

Panelists: Tatiana Flores, Curator, Latin American and Caribbean Art, Tom Ashcraft, Working man Collective, Associate Professor, Art and Visual Technology, GMU, Leandro Soto, Cuban artist (Barbados), Andres Navias, Curator, Art Museum of the America, OAS

  • How can artistic interventions function as a tool for ethnographic documentary and as educative and communicative mechanism?
  • How can we determine the potential of artistic interventions to sustain the individual or collective psychological and economic well being of its practitioners?
  • What kind of thematic inquiries can be promoted through programs and what kinds of programs would be most effective?
  • How do/can programs of arts for social change be effective for the Caribbean?


Moderator: Elizabeth Andrews, Artist, Curator, Department of Photography & Imaging, Tisch School of the Arts.

Panelists: Leah Gordon, Curator, Haiti Ghetto Biennial (UK); Giscard Bouchotte, Independent Curator and Cultural Engineering Consultant, Jo-Marie Burt, Director, Latin American Studies, Co-Director, Center for Global Studies, GMU, Arthur Garcia, Director Rubber Band Puerto Rico.

  • How does art function as a mechanism of accountability, democracy and protest?How has art been politicized and how has politicized art, propaganda art and aestheticism functioned in the Caribbean?
  • What are the implications for participation, replicability and change in the Caribbean?
  • What new art practices has crisis produced and how do publics and artists define crisis?


Moderator: Lara Stein Pardo, Artist, Fellow, Smithsonian American Art Museum

Panelists: Christopher Cozier, Artist, Curator, Bermuda Biennial; Marielle Barrow, Editor-in-Chief, Caribbean InTransit, Marcel Wah, Editor-in-Chief CAW Magazine, Alanna Lockward, Curator, GM ArtLabour ( Germany)

  • What are the implications of Caribbean arts practice for sustainable programming, cultural heritage policy and cultural diplomacy?
  • How are they sustained financially?
  • What mechanisms of pedagogy, practice and exhibition can forge stronger links between Caribbeans?
  • What strategic directions and tactical solutions can we suggest toward pro-active trans-national Caribbeanism?



  1. Roger Caruth says:

    How can I sign up to attend the Caribbean Intransit Symposium?

    • Caribbean InTransit says:

      Email us at and we will include you. Do let us know if you are attending in person or if you would like to attend via video conference. We will be testing the video conference software on Tuesday morning at 10:00am and will send you the program to download if you are joining us via video conference.

  2. Roger Caruth says:

    How can I sign up to attend theCARIBBEAN INTRANSIT SYMPOSIUM?

  3. Dean Arlen says:

    This is nice to see. But I’m thinking as I’m reading through the programme. How nice it would be to get a publication of the symposium. Would that be fortcoming?

    “What strategic directions and tactical solutions can we suggest toward pro-active trans-national Caribbeanism?”

    In the last panel I’m guessing the idea is how we cross the South – North Metropole divide. What of South – South relations.

    • Caribbean InTransit says:

      Yes, the intention is to do a publication based on the symposium proceedings.

      Both South-North and South-south relations are at issue here. Do join us via video conference for the symposium. Email us at to test the video conference software.